1. Be familiar with the organization of the urinary system, including the kidney, ureter, bladder, (prostatic urethra), urethra.
2. Understand the organization of the vascular and urinary parts of the kidney.
Recognize the different parts of the nephron and be able to describe their structure and function
The urinary system consists of the kidney and the urinary passages leading away from them (the calyces, renal pelvis and ureter). Additionally, there is a storage area, the urinary bladder, and a drainage duct, the urethra. The kidney is a compound tubular gland that is specialized for the removal of waste products from the blood and for the regulation of water and salt balance of the blood and intercellular fluids.