Urinary System

Learning objectives

1. Be familiar with the organization of the urinary system, including the kidney, ureter, bladder, and urethra.

2. Understand the organization of the vascular and urinary parts of the kidney.

3. Recognize the different parts of the nephron and be able to describe their structure and function

The urinary system consists of the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and the urethra. The kidney is specialized for the removal of waste products from the blood and for the regulation of water and salt balance of the blood and intercellular fluids.

The kidney is divided into lobes. One lobe consists of the conical medullary pyramid and the cortical substance that surrounds it like a cap. This slide demonstrates a unilobar kidney. The human kidney is composed of 12-13 lobes.

Lab activities

  1. Kidney
  2. Ureter
  3. Urinary Bladder
  4. Urethra
  5. Electron Micrographs
  6. Questions
  7. Answers